Analysis on the Resolution Against the Causes of Violent Conflicts in Urban Areas
This study aimed to determine the analysis on the resolution against the causes of violent conflicts in the form of a fight between residents in urban areas. Direct Violence Conflicts are events of manifested conflicts or open conflicts between residents of Berland and residents of Pal Meriam in the reform era that occurred in 1999 – 2000. The data collection techniques are by observation in the field, in-depth interview, and literature study. Meanwhile, the used technical analysis on the data are data reduction, drawing conclusions based on the arrangement of the narrative, and the verification of the results of the data analysis. The violent conflict in the form of a fight between residents were caused by structural factors where the position of conflicting groups have a dominant versus a group with non-dominant solidarity. The resolution of violent conflicts between residents were implemented in two ways: (1) litigation; (2) non-litigation or alternative dispute resolution (ADR) i.e. negotiation, mediation, and conciliation. Originality of this paper is shown in a conflict that became the object of research which is about the analysis on resolution against the causes of violent conflicts about a fight between residents of Pal Meriam against Berland in Matraman, East Jakarta. It also shows in the research approach where there is no previous study that discussed the conflict in the same region and the same goal.