A Study of Anti Hbs Ag among Health Care Workers at Tertiary Care Hospital in Western Maharashtra
Hepatitis B infection (HBV) is a genuine worldwide medical issue bringing about 500,000 to 1.2 million deaths every year by hepatocellular carcinoma, cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis. Immunization is the best methodology in counteraction and control of HBV infection. estimation of post-vaccination anti-HBs titers is of utmost importance in the protection of health care workers so study was conducted to asses HBV vaccination status and serological assessment of anti HBs titers amongst HCWs in tertiary care hospital. Methods- Study was conducted in tertiary care hospital after approval by the Institutional ethics committee. 438 Health care workers including doctors, nurses, technician, administrative staff and house-keeping staff were enrolled in study. Results- The total 438 HCW’s were included in the study there were 240 (54.8%) females the mean age recorded was 37.30 yrs and std deviation was ± 11.804 minimum age of participant was 19 and maximum was 68 yrs. A total 93.2% of Health care workers had completed the 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccination. The seroconversion rate (anti-HBs >10 mIU/mL) was 84.5%, including the HCWs who have not completed vaccination. There were 68 (15.5%) HCWs who have anti HBs Ag titer < 10 mIU/mL i.e no seroconversion. 105 (24%) HCWs were having anti-HBs >10 to 100 mIU/mL, 73 (16.7%) HCW have anti-HBs >100 to 500 mIU/mL and HCWs 112 were having anti-HBs >500 to 1000 mIU/mL while 80 HCWs were having titer anti-HBs >1000 mIU/mL. Conclusion- Health care workers are at a greater risk of various blood-borne infections, including hepatitis B infection. Vaccination and post exposure management are among the integral components of complete infection control programme for healthcare workers.