Impact of investment decisions and interest rate on firm’s financial performance of Fuel and Energy Sector of Pakistan
The purpose of this study is to examine the investment decisions and financial performance of the 21
companies listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange of the fuel and energy sectors over the six years (2013-
2018) and to establish relationships between investment decisions. This study uses static panel and
dynamic panel analysis on cross-sectional time series. The capital structure included long-term loan
plus short-term liabilities that is equal to total debt after this we add total equity i.e. equal to total assets
as well. While returns on assets and return on equity are evidence of a firm's financial performance.
Literature shows fixed assets as tangibility, tax paid, business risk, and liquidity as capital structure
determinants whereas the firm's age and size, exchange rate are some extra determinants those have
an extraordinary impact on investment choices, they will be incorporated in the investigation as they
are supposed to affect firm's performance. Outcomes show that performance of the firm's in fuel and
energy sector of Pakistani is strengthening when they withdraw from debt and work based on owners'
equity. Though, this appears that fuel and energy firms do not possess enough own funds to tackle
secure investments and cause improper use of their assets. When of an increase in taxes and high
exchange rates volatility, profit-making corporations reduce their assets to reducing their input costs.
There is evidence of risky performance in fuel and energy firms; It reveals a needs of decision about
debt at the time when firms face financial challenges circumstances and they are suffering extra risks,
or if they cannot resolve their obligations due to a shortage of cash in hand. Due to lacking data
concerning debt-equity ratios, results are negatively significant. Besides, the empirical regression
analysis relating to return on equity demonstrates a diminished proportion of its difference.