Aesthetics and Development of Architectural Openings in the Old Town of Hebron (A Documentary Study)
Throughout many historical periods, the architectural styles of the city of Hebron continued to develop and intermix, leading to a variety of styles and unique typological setting. Despite all these periods, certain typologies have been more dominant over others; The Historical aspect that deals with the city’s history and inception, focusing on the most important historical periods that influenced the city starting from the Ayyubid periods to modern times; as these periods had the largest influence on the city’s architecture and structure of its neighborhoods. Second, it deals with patterns and forms of the openings as a result of a field study that documents these openings design and typology. It also deals with the aesthetics of the openings including decorations and inscriptions of doors windows and balconies (Andalones). The study considers examples documented by experts in a variety of Palestinian cities in a comparative analysis with those in Hebron. Finally, it focuses on construction materials and common patterns in buildings while comparing them with each other. In conclusion, the study draws into attention the aesthetics of architectural openings and their patterns and components. The study focuses on the importance of preserving the cultural heritage of the city and its cultural identity, both important for the future of the city and its inhabitants.