AN EVALUATIVE STUDY OF POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMS: EVIDENCE FROM INDIA
Poverty is a multidimensional concept where, it is not only available in developing countries but also found in developed nations in the form of relative poverty. According to UNICEF about 805 million people worldwide do not have enough food to eat. According to estimates by the World Bank, in 2015, 10 percent of the world’s population or 734 million people lived on less than $1.90 a day.
Poverty is one of the curses to the Indian economy; more than two-thirds of its people live in poverty: 68.8% of the Indian population lives on less than $2 a day. If the poverty measures as per World Bank in the form of United States Dollars ($) increases from $2 a day to 10 $ a day then the situation will be very pathetic. Poverty is one of the evils behind backwardness in India. This research paper is all about the poverty and unemployment programs in India.
Maharashtra is one of the most progressive states in India, where as Thane district is chosen for the study. In the present study 1004 families have been selected and on that basis by using simple statistical tools an analysis is done. The population Below Poverty (BPL) in Maharashtra or Thane District is facing lots of problems. Finally an analysis has been made and brought various finding from the study. The research has suggested various remedies to solve the problem of poverty of Thane District.
Keywords: Poverty in India, Poverty alleviation, Employment generation, Below Poverty Line (BPL)