Development of Islamic Learning Centers Through Mosque Empowerment based on Managerial Principles
A mosque is a place of worship and a center of Islamic culture theoretically- conceptually. This place also is a spreading of Islamic Teaching concerns to the earthly and eschatological matters, material and spiritual. The history also has noted the enlightenment of Islamic Civilizations, which inseparable with the mosque significantly. However, there are still many mosques that have not maximum managed and just used for spiritual matters. Indeed, it will have a significant impact on the mosque as a vital place that has an essential role in Islamic civilization development. Currently, there is a grateful phenomenon done in the Muslim community. They begin to realize the mosques have an essential role concerns not only spiritual matters but also earthly ones education especially. This research aimed to obtain some further information follows; (1) the Islamic Teaching spreading and the mosque's development; (2) The teaching based of mosque function and values; (3) the education types and management conducted; (4) the managerial principle application of education developing for Muslim people (Ummah) conducted in the mosque. It presents work used as a qualitative- descriptive method with a historical– phenomenological approach. The method is chosen relating to the focus, question, and purpose selected and developed well before and after. The results indicated that it could generally describe the mosque as a community education centered had a relation with Islam promulgation process in Ternate. There were some values such as "tawhid" (the oneness of God), "khalifah"(caliph), and "Amanah" (trusteeship). The education type held in the Mosque is method The Holy Quran kindergarten (TKA) and The Holy Quran recitation kindergarten (TPQ), and majlis taklim. The mosque management pattern in Ternate has known as "bobula" (in Ternate Language means job description). However, this pattern insufficient but a more comprehensive and professional one with management principles application needed. The useful application of management principles improved the mosque management quality had a development implication of Muslim community education conducted related to the education, purpose, content/curriculum, personnel, method, strategy, infrastructure, and evaluation.
Keywords: Muslim people welfare, The mosque role, Islamic education model