Climate Change Targets: Implications Of Indian Urban Transport Policies
Climate change is a growing challenge for all nations and the transport sector largely contributes to emissions directly impacting it and making it imperative to ensure considerable changes and improvements within the sector to ensure that the Sustainable development goals are met. The need of the hour is to encourage low-carbon land based transport and at the same time evaluate and ensure policies to facilitate the same. India, being signatory to the 1.5 degree Paris Agreement, needs policy level synchronization to achieve these targets. This paper examines the implications of the Urban Transport related policies in India in force since the Paris Agreement in achieving this goal. A Multi-impact integrated framework called A-S-I (Avoid-Shift-Improve) is used to examine these policies and evaluate their benefits against desired outputs. The findings reflect that the potential of the policies in meeting the targets is slim as they fail to largely address the key elements within their policy package. Further, the recent policies despite being a move towards electric transport, are largely focused at private transport that goes against the very agenda of moving people and not vehicles. Recent roll back on schemes that facilitated public transport provision have been a move backward from the intentions desired. Conscious efforts within the Indian transport policies with a view to overcome the barriers to low-carbon land transport, encouraging schemes and programmes promoting public transport and a comprehensive approach with a combination of measures are required to align it with its climate targets.