Livestock Farming For Sustainable Livelihoods Of Agrarian Tribes In South India: A Study In Kolli Hills Of Tamil Nadu
Due to poor productivity of the crop sector, decreasing availability of per capita arable land and lack of other income generating avenues, there is heavy dependence of tribal households on animal husbandry activities. It is expected that the livestock rearing offers substantial income to tribal people particularly during non-agricultural seasons, which can create an impact within the shortest period on the tribal economy. The livestock keeping generates a continuous stream of income and employment, which is an inevitable component of tribal development. The crop enterprise alone cannot help the tribal farmers for sustained survival and to increase their income and employment. A considerable scope exists to improve the economic status of the tribal through livestock enterprise, which provides a sufficient year round employment and income opportunities. At the same time cropping sectors will get inputs like pesticides, capital, power, etc. from the livestock sector. In this background, the study is conducted among tribal households of Kolli hills. Main objectives of the study are to understand the nature of crop husbandry and animal husbandry of the tribal households; to examine the income and employment generation of livestock farming in tribal areas; and assess the linkage effects of animal husbandry and crop husbandry towards sustainable tribal development. Kolli hills is located in Namakkal district of Tamilnadu. The necessary data for the study were collected from 170 tribal households. Data collected are analysed with the help of suitable statistical tools. Expected results would help in policy formulation for speeding the tribal development.