Heutagogical Teaching and Learning Activities Preferences for Malaysia Technical University Lecturer: Instrument Validation
The purpose of this article is to construct-validate an instrument of heutagogical teaching and learning activities preferences for Malaysia Technical University lecturer. The Heutagogy element is measured based on the six heutagogical design elements of explore, create, collaborate, connect, share and reflect. Fifty questionnaires were distributed among the lecturers in the Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia and used for analysis. Rasch Measurement Model was deployed by using Winstep version 18.104.22.168 for analysis to get the construct validation. There were three criteria referred to in this study namely reliability and separation index item-person; statistical fit and standardised residual correlation for item dependent that measure the item fit and redundancy. The Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was highly reliable at 0.965. Five items were dropped from the instrument for being misfit, which is EX7, CL29, CN42, SH53 and RF7. Another four items dropped for being redundant, which is SH50, SH51, FR61 and RF62. Overall, nine items were drop, making the final instrument consisted of 56 items in total. In conclusion, the instrument showed to be valid and applicable to the real study. It is expected that this study can contribute to the improvement of the implementation of Heutagogical learning approach by educators.