Court Authority in Confirmation by Judicial Presumption

  • Dr. Fwrat Rostam Ameen Al-Jaf


One of the most important duties of the judiciary is hearing all the parties for the proceedings and investigate all facts to form its opinion and make a fair decision in the examined case. Therefore, the parties of the proceedings must provide evidence to get their rights. Because direct evidences are often difficult to obtain, most, if not all, legislations allowed to use indirect evidences through judicial presumptions.

How to Cite
Dr. Fwrat Rostam Ameen Al-Jaf. (2020). Court Authority in Confirmation by Judicial Presumption. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(11s), 3109-3114. Retrieved from