TCELR: Trusted Cluster Based Energy And Lifetime Aware Routing Protocol For Wireless Sensor Network Using Hybrid Bird Swarm-Differential Search Algorithm
Wireless Sensor Networks are essential and most significant technology for send, receive and control or monitoring the data. In WSNs, the routing protocols are important one. The process of choosing the proper path for data travel from source to destination is routing protocol. Depending upon the network, channel parameters there are various difficulties available in while choosing path. Some routing challenges are data traffic, high energy consumption, storage capacity, bandwidth, classical IP-protocols not acceptance some sensor modes, node deployment etc. To overcome these problems during routing protocol process, we propose a trusted cluster based energy and lifetime aware routing (TCELR) protocol for WSN using hybrid bird swarm-differential search algorithm. In TCELR protocol, first, we introduce a chaotic bird swarm optimization (CBSO) algorithm for cluster formation. Second, we illustrate the improved differential search (IDS) algorithm to compute the trust degree of each client in the cluster. The highest trust node is considered as cluster head (CH) in the cluster and it is act as sink node of cluster members to perform intra cluster routing and Third, a scatter search based decision making (SSDM) algorithm is used for inter cluster routing to forward sensed data between different clusters. The performance of the proposed TCELR protocol is analyzed and the results are compared with the existing state-of-art routing protocols in terms of throughput, packet loss rate, end to end delay, network lifetime, packet delivery ratio and jitter.