Buyer-Supplier Relationship Opportunities And Challenges For Indonesian Msmes To Enter The Asean Economic Community
AEC provides opportunities as well as challenges to various MSMEs in line with more access to markets and suppliers across ASEAN countries. The main objective of this research is to reveal the opportunities and challenges for MSMEs, especially those in Indonesia, in facing the 2015 AEC era in the context of suppliers and buyers. The theoretical framework is built upon some theories, particularly supply chain management theory. They identify 17 factors determining the quality of supplier-MSMEs qualified relationship. These factors are classified into four dimensions, namely instrumental motive, relational motive, moral motive, and controlling factor. The evaluation is carried out by reviewing the documents of the AEC 2018 action plan and previous research. The result displays that MSMEs have opportunities in quality control, compensation, supplier development, mutual dependence, information sharing, trust, long-term contract, company size, and contract support. Meanwhile, the challenges faced by MSMEs include vision, top management, quality mindset, problem-solving, interest degree, satisfaction, organization compatibility, management and administration, and communication. Thus, ASEAN countries must make efforts to provide more support by increasing the awareness, problem-solving, management and administration framework, supplier and its product information database, and multilanguage platform for the users.