3D Print Opportunities in Dentistry - History, Present, Future
Aim. To study the history, current state and prospects of 3D-technologies use of in dentistry according to the data of domestic and foreign scientific literature.
Materials and methods. The scientific archive of Russian and foreign scientific sources and Internet resources on 3D printing in medicine, promising projects in relation to treating patients with 3D technologies and improving medical care, including in dentistry were studied.
Results. At present, additive 3D printing technologies are used in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery for the production of prostheses, aligners, surgical guides, dental and jaw models for training and preoperative planning, individual implants, etc. The process of making any of the above objects includes the following stages: receiving data, processing it in a computer program, 3D printing, post-processing. Avantis 3D is a program with a modular interface (including a standard module of orthopedic dentistry), characterized by ease of use and wide opportunities in the field of modeling the dentition, creating guiding templates in implantology.
The use of additive 3D printing technologies in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery has a number of advantages, such as improving the quality ofstudents and doctors training, shortening the period of surgical intervention and increasing the number of satisfactory results.
Conclusion New features of 3D technologies introduced in medicine, in particular in dentistry, allow to hope for tremendous changes and revolutionary solutions. Already today, using 3D printers, a variety of implants, prostheses, fragments of bones, tissues and organs are produced. On the background of the growing use of three-dimensional printing in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery, in the near future it will be possible to produce most organs and tissues with their further use in transplantology. For more than a decade of 3D technology use in medicine hundreds of successful operations were performed in the world. The capabilities of 3D printers are growing, and experience is being gained that in the future will allow to expand the use of these devices.
Keywords: dentistry, additive technologies, digital computer modeling, 3D scanning, 3D printing, CAD / CAM systems.