Eco-linguistic Analysis on Flora and Fauna Lexicons on the Motifs of Batik Pekalongan, Indonesia
Indonesia. Lexicon is vocabularies containing information of meaning and use of words in language. The use of flora and fauna lexicons on the motifs of batik Pekalongan is caused by close relationship between humans and the environment. In linguistics, the interaction between humans in the use of language and the environment is studied in eco-linguistics. Therefore, this research employed eco-linguistic design. The research data were in the form of vocabularies expectedly containing flora and fauna lexiconson the motifs of batik Pekalongan. The research’s source of data was lexicons of various motifs of batik Pekalongan. The data were collected using the uninvolved conversation observation method (metode simak bebas libat cakap) with recording technique, documentation in the form of drawn motif of batik Pekalongan, observation and interview. The methods used in the data analysis were referential matching and translational matching techniques, and immediate constituent analysis or distributional technique. The data validity technique used in this research was triangulation with phases: discussion, recheck, and consulting with expert. Based on the result of data analysis on various motifs of batik Pekalongan, flora and fauna lexicons were found in the form of (1) noun and (2) noun phrase: noun+noun, noun+verb, noun+idiom. Flora lexicons were found on the motifs of batik: buketan, hayat, isen, jlamprang, kawung, krisan, semen, and sawat. Fauna lexicons were found on the motifs of batik: buketan, semen, krisan, liong, and tokwi. The lexicons were biotic and abiotic. This research contributed to the development of eco-linguistic study and might enrich literacy of batik lexicons pursuant to the cultural values contained therein.
Keywords: eco-linguistics, fauna lexicon, flora lexicon, motif of batik Pekalongan.