Role of Subsidiary Occupation in Transforming Agrarian Structure: The study based on No. 1 Gazpuria Village in Dibrugarh District of Assam, India
Occupation signifies a set of activities usually associated with the earning of the individuals. Occupation is a specific activity which an individual continually pursues for the purpose of obtaining steady flow of income. Subsidiary occupation may be defined as auxiliary occupations of an individual. The occupation which helps to an individual with the main considered as well as primary occupation. In an agrarian society, cultivating the land is primary occupation or source of wealth. Such a society may acknowledge other means of livelihood and work habits apart from main cultivation. In this paper an endeavour has been made to examine the role of subsidiary occupation in increasing level of income and strengthening agrarian economic structure and transformation as well.
The study has been confined as case study in the No. 1 Gazpuria village of Dibrugarh district of Assam. The village is exclusively inhabited by OBC and MOBC population. Both primary secondary data have been used in the present paper. The head of the family were the respondents in this study. The study revealed that majority of the inhabitant of the studied village have small tea-garden as their subsidiary occupation. Whose primary occupation is only rice cultivation. The study also revealed that subsidiary occupations have played a very significant role in increasing income level which help them in smooth running their family, which is a positive sign of development as well as transformation of agrarian community.
Keywords: Occupation, Subsidiary Occupation Agrarian Community, Transformation.