The Integration of Science Material, Technology and Society (STS) from Dual Coding Theory’s Perspective in Distance Education Module
The objectives of this paper are to (1) determine the application of dual coding theory in the Science material, Technology and Society (STS) module as learning strategies (2) perceive how the dual coding theory assist the distance education students to learn social science. The research method through the two following stages: First, the initial concept of material based dual coding theory, including: (1) the components of STS material, (2) the study of theory about the ability of thinking and reflective attitude, and (3) designing and developing the material STS Material based dual coding theory, include: shape, materials construct, and design patterns. Second, the validation material design using the following steps: (1) reflective technically, (2) reflective contextually, and (3) reflective critically. The research participant is 120 college students of Primary Education major from 3 branches of Universitas Terbuka (i.e. UPBJJ Bogor, Tangerang and Jakarta). The research finding indicates the understanding of students better when learning material is presented using both visual and verbal than text only. The finding showed the material based on dual coding theory can improve students’ understanding regardless of the preferred learning style of students.