Cunning Strategies and Lack, Aporia, Poverty
Cunning strategies is widely used by those who strive to subvert majoritarian way of thinking to fulfil their needs. The state and corporate power has adopted use of cunning for their own ends. Use of deceptive clever strategies can contribute to the wellbeing or evil doing in a society. Deceptive strategies have long been used by governments, scholars, politicians and business people to achieve their goals within a particular society.Most people have been engaged in cunning especially in situations where majoritarian thinking is subverted. The role of cunning in lack, aporia and poverty is concern for the purpose of reviewing how societies are manipulated to keep the status quo and/or improve. This review paper aimed at evaluate how cunning is used in lack, aporia and poverty. Lack, aporia and poverty implied inability to meet desires, self-doubt and inability to have more than basic living necessities respectively. It was found that cunning can have positive and negative effects on lack, aporia and poverty in a society. The strategies that were found to promote lack, aporia and poverty included unequal distribution of resources, limiting education, chronic wars and conflicts, discrimination, ill-health among others. Among those that reduce it are fight against drugs, replacing foreign aid with foreign investments, ending conflicts, promoting education for all and infrastructural support among others. The paper concluded there was adequate evidence presented to shown cunning is applied in the society sometimes for self-gain or for the gain of the minority poor. Inquiries and questions highlighted from the literature include evaluation of the possibility of controlling use of cunning to oppress the poor. Moreover, future directions are discussed.
Keywords: Cunning, aporia, poverty, strategies, self-doubt, lack.