Policy Process Model of Secondary Education Based on Disadvantaged Areas
The aim of this study was to propose the policy process model of secondary education for disadvantaged areas in one of the provinces in Indonesia, East Nusa Tenggara.Research and development method by Thiagarajan, with a quantitative and qualitative approach was applied. The data were obtained from questionnaires, interviews, observations, documentation, and FGD.To ensure the validity of the data, credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability were tested. The feasibility of initial model and main model were tried out by using Delphi and FGD which involved five experts and practitioners from government and education units of three disadvantaged areas.The results of the study revealed that: (i) a model named “MODEL PRO JADI MERATA” comprised 7 stages, namely agenda – setting, policy formulation, policy approval, policy dissemination, policy implementation, policy control, and policy continuation; (ii) the effectiveness of the developed model was 90.86% and it could be considered excellently feasible, the efficiency with a value of 85.35% in the category of very good feasibility, the practicality with a value of 80.68% in the category of good feasibility. Innovative value models include: policy process stages, policy inputs, affirmative agenda, implementation of trials (without sanctions); job description; involving various policy makers including the judiciary, and the recognition of education units.
Keywords: Disadvantaged areas, policy process, secondary education.