Benefit Analysis on Speed, Distance, Time, and Fare of Becak Motor as Main Paratransit in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia
Becak Bermotor (Bentor) is one of the popular paratransit transportation modes in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia. In addition to having an aesthetic value, the load ability and the coverage of the bentor that can be door to door are also the advantages of this mode of transport. However, bentor is often linked to disarrangement due to the inexistence of formal policy from the local government to accommodate this type of transport. Thus, this study aims to find out the characteristics and benefit analysis of the bentor as a paratransit based on speed, distance, time, and fare.
This study employed survey methods in the city of Gorontalo, Gorontalo Province. Based on the characteristics of the population, the proportional sampling method was used by selecting 66 bentor as the samples in the survey of the travel distance, travel time, and travel fare variables. The descriptive quantitative analysis was utilized to obtain the correlation between speed, distance, time, and fare of the bentor.
Based on the modeling, there is a correlation between variables, the distance and travel time (X in km and Y1 in minute) following the tendency of the further the distance, the longer the travel time and resulting in a linear equation of Y1=4.4653+1.1666X (R2=0.6166) in the condition that the bentor has full passengers and Y1=1.6332+2.0376X (R2=0.4535) in a condition where bentor has no passenger. Inroads with the inclination between 20% – 35%, the correlation between distance and travel has a linear equation of Y1=1.4094+1.8585X (R2=0.9417) and Y1=1.0082+1.6707X (R2=0.9853). The correlation between the distance and fare (X in Km and Y2 in rupiah) follows the tendency of the longer the distance, the higher the fare and has the linear equation of Y2=1291.98+145.92X (R2=0.5628) and Y2=846.62+196.66X (R2=0.7702).
Keywords: Speed, distance, time, fare, transportation mode, paratransit, bentor.