The Underlying Motives of the Central Kalimantan Dayak Indigenous Council to Actualize the Dayak Customary Rights
The purpose of this study is to describe the motives underlying the Central Kalimantan Dayak Indigenous Council in actualizing the customary rights of the Dayak people, so that they tend to behave politically. The method used in this research is a qualitative study, with an anthropological approach. Data is collected by observation of participation and in-depth interviews. Interviews were conducted with all administrators of the Central Kalimantan Dayak Indigenous Council customary board. Based on the results of the study, the motive behind the Central Kalimantan Council is to actualize the customary rights of the Dayak community so that it tends to behave politically. First, as part of the Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago, it has not yet fully gained recognition and legal protection from various powers, including the State. Likewise, the recognition, protection and empowerment of indigenous Dayak communities with their various customary rights. Since Indonesia's independence, the decade of the New Order came to power even today, co-optation of indigenous peoples continues. Second, the Dayak indigenous peoples in their civilization and potential resources continue to be the object of exploitation by the State and various parties, both the ethnicity of migrants, capital owners, and even members of the Dayak indigenous peoples themselves who have access to capital and power.
Keywords: customary councils, dayaks, indigenous peoples, marginal, political rights.